Pre-adolescent Deviant Behavior
The behavior of a teenager is characterized by a search for adventure, novelty, a test of his character, courage and fortitude. At the same time, a person often does rash acts that adults perceive as deviant behavior.
The cause of deviant behavior is also the relationship. For example, an outcast in a classroom, rejection by a teacher, a label of a deviant. Unrecognized at school, a teenager begins to look for other communities where he can make up for his failures. Moreover, it often ends up in bad companies.
To prevent deviant behavior and eliminate its causes, you need to help a person find a group where he will be understood and have common interests. As an option, send to a music, sports school or sports tourism club. It all depends on the passion and interests of the individual.
If a teenager falls into a street environment, a group of punks, rockers or extreme lovers, then he forms negative interests and a desire for adult forms of behavior. This entails an early sexual experience, drug and alcohol use.
The main reason for such phenomena is the negligence of parents, insufficient attention to the child, neglect. Therefore, at the first signs of deviant behavior, educators should interact with their parents and determine the family environment.
Currently, the cause of deviant behavior is that adolescents are experiencing social stratification, the inability to live in abundance, and to get a good education. On this basis, a psychological shift is taking place, which ends with reproaches, scandals, nervous breakdowns, delinquencies and escapes from home.
As for younger adolescents, this is the age of 9-13 years, then they are in a world of self-absorption. As D. Elkind writes: “the life of these children is extremely intense internally: they feel themselves to be objects of constant, close attention and evaluation, they live on stage, they act in front of an imaginary audience, whose possible reactions are constantly trying to predict”.
They are emotionally unbalanced, conflicting and aggressive. Self-esteem is unstable, therefore they are inherent in such features as shyness and maximalism, a tendency to risk.
The factor of deviant behavior in adolescents has become an urgent problem in recent years. This is due to early physical development and puberty, as well as illiteracy of methods of education, both parents and teachers. As a result, children more and more often and at an earlier age experience stress and psychological trauma.
Modern life makes the individual ever higher demands, to which the adolescent still does not have time to grow morally and psychologically. This includes a sense of duty, responsibility, self-restraint, moral and ethical attitudes.
As a result, the psychological and social factors of deviant behavior are very intertwined and connected with each other:
Hereditary factors: alcoholism, predisposition to nervous and mental diseases, pathological pregnancy and childbirth;
Social factors: relationships in the family, school, with peers and friends. Also, the values of the individual, his status, goals.
Character of personality and temperament, motivation, self-esteem and level of claims.
psychological factors photo
Thus, deviant behavior is due to social, biological and psychological factors that must be considered when educating young people.
Experts believe that deviant behavior cannot be eradicated from society, but at the same time they note that it arises in society against the backdrop of a crisis when people are not satisfied with the quality of life and are not in demand. According to sociologists, about 85% of the population is demoralized, discouraged and perplexed. As a result, they become indifferent to the means of achieving goals, corruption, extremism.
Since no state is interested in people, only a person can help himself and his children through self-development, self-adjustment and self-development. Unfortunately, these are the realities of life: “The salvation of drowning people is the work of the drowning people themselves.”