Reasons for Deviant Behavior
In any society there are people who violate the norms of society, go against the rules and moral principles. In this article we will understand what deviant behavior means and what are the causes of its occurrence.
Deviant behavior is a person’s behavior that deviates from generally accepted norms of society. Such behavior differs from the generally accepted one by its motives, values, ideals and means of achieving one’s own goals.
For example, such people may not greet each other at a meeting, have an “interesting” appearance, disorderly behavior, or take innovative or revolutionary actions. Young people, saints and geniuses, revolutionaries and mentally unhealthy individuals are most affected by this behavior. The behavior of such people to one degree or another violates the stability of social relationships in the family, on the street, in the team and in society as a whole.
You need to understand that deviant behavior may be the norm for one society or social group, and a deviation for another. It can also be positive and negative.
T. Parsons identifies two types of deviant behavior depending on the relationship of a person to other people:
The first type of personality seeks to prevail and subjugate people. This is a manifestation of deviant motivation, which is often observed in criminal gangs.
The second type of personality submits to other people, makes concessions or adapts to more powerful and active personalities. So, for example, a whole deviant society was formed under the leadership of Stalin.
There is a wider classification of such behavior developed by Merton. The typology is based on a person’s attitude to standards, his values, needs. He identified the following types of deviant behavior:
Total conformism (normal behavior). This is a person who accepts the norms of society, receives education, has work, moves forward, thereby realizing both his own and social needs.
Innovators are people who agree with the goals of their activities, which are approved by society, but at the same time do not follow generally accepted means of achieving goals. They come up with new and innovative means of achieving goals. For example, these are people who are engaged in the privatization of state property, the construction of financial “pyramids”, “racketeering”. This is exactly the type of deviant behavior that often has a positive color. These are the engines of progress.
Ritualists are people who bring to the absurdity the norms and principles of society. They require compliance with all the capital rules, often organize strikes.
Retreatism means an escape from reality. These are people who reject goals and ways to achieve them. This includes the homeless. Alcoholics, drug addicts, monks.
Revolutionaries are people who reject obsolete goals and replace them with new ones.
As can be seen from the above, deviant behavior also has positive manifestations. Thanks to revolutionaries and innovators, society is abandoning obsolete values and goals and moving forward.
causes of deviate behavior
Reasons for Deviant Behavior
Psychological causes of deviant behavior
In psychology, this behavior is explained by different types of orientation: mercenary (offenses for the sake of material gain), aggressive (insults, hooliganism, violence, murder), socially passive (unwillingness to work and study, evasion of duties and duty, which in consequence leads to drunkenness, addiction, vagrancy, suicide).
Deviant behavior is divided into two groups from the point of view of psychology:
Behavior that deviates from mental health standards. This group consists of mentally ill people with obvious or hidden signs of psychopathology.
The behavior manifested in social pathology is drunkenness, prostitution, drug addiction. Which entails various crimes and misconduct.
Any mental disorders have their own causes. These overwhelming requirements in study or work lead to strong emotions. An inferiority complex is formed, which must be repaid in alcohol or drugs. Sexual dissatisfaction also plays a large role, leading to sexual preoccupation and frustration. Especially in adolescence. Often affects the difficulties of adulthood. During this period, an image of oneself is formed, about one’s qualities, abilities, and appearance.
Social causes of deviant behavior
Social inequality. Most people live in poverty, experience material difficulties. Therefore, problems arise in the self-realization of the young generation, which strive for success, high earnings and public recognition. Not having finance for training or time. Young people are looking for illegal ways to earn money, which leads to deviant behavior.
Low morality, the spirituality of society. Orientation only on the material leads a person to the idea that everything can be sold or bought. So why not sell yourself more expensive?